Best Diabetes doctor. Best Kidney specialist.
WHAT IS DIABETES?
Its full name is Diabetes Mellitus, but it’s generally called Diabetes. It is a medical term for a group of chronic diseases in which the body fails to complete the conversion of certain foods into energy. Normally, during digestion, the body changes sugar, starch, and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. The blood carries this glucose to the body’s cells, where, with the help of insulin (a hormone produced in the pancreas), it changes into quick energy for immediate use or storage for future needs. This process of turning food into energy is crucial, because the body depends on energy for everything from thinking to physical activity.
In Diabetes, the food is turned into glucose readily enough but cannot enter the body’s cells as lack of insulin production or its effect on the cells in the body.
The most common forms of Diabetes are Type I and Type II. In Type I, the person’s pancreas does not produce enough insulin so the supply of glucose can be used. As a result, very high blood sugar and other metabolic abnormalities occur. In the absence of insulin, the metabolic abnormality is quite severe. As a result, these people are picked up quite early because of their symptoms.
In Type II, the pancreas produces enough insulin, but the body’s cells can’t use it properly. This means that the unused glucose once again causes high blood sugars.
Prevalence of Diabetes in The United States
There are about 18 million people with Diabetes in the United States; half of them are still not diagnosed. About 90-95% of these people have Type II Diabetes.
Diabetes and its complications are the sixth leading cause of death in the United States, outranked by heart disease and cancer. Diabetes is a major cause of blindness in adults, and causes diabetics to suffer heart attacks twice as often as non-diabetics. The life expectancy of those with some form of Diabetes is one/third shorter than the general population.
The most important thing is to recognize Diabetes early so the treatment can be started before the disease has had a chance to damage your health.