High blood pressure is also a fairly common life style disease which is getting more common. When we look at the blood pressure there are 3 numbers that come into the equation. Systolic blood pressure, which is the higher number and reflects the stiffness of the blood vessels which is also called hardening of the blood vessels or atherosclerosis. This is progressively elevated as we age. The second number is Diastolic blood pressure or the lower number. This is often associated with younger age and resistance to blood flow. This can be very high with narrowing of the blood vessels to the kidneys. The third number is the pulse rate. This can also affect the blood pressure. The higher the pulse rate the higher the blood pressure.
Dr Narendra k Gupta, best kidney specialist. Best High blood pressure expert